Glossary of Beading Terms

F

Facet

Facets are cut flat surfaces on a gemstone. The more facets there are, the more the stone sparkles as the light is reflected in many directions.

Filigree

Filigree

Delicate ornamentation consisting of the twisting, curling and plaiting of fine, pliable strands of metal, usually gold or silver. Metal filigree beads are available as well as filigree bead caps or other findings. The use of filigree in beading projects tends to create an elegant or even antique look.

Fimo

A brand of polymer clay. Polymer clay comes in many different colors and can be shaped into beads, which are then baked to harden them.

Fire-polished

Fire-polished

A form of “polishing” used in Czech glass beadmaking that employs heat rather than abrasion to buff a bead’s faceted surfaces. The heat causes the surfaces of the bead to melt just enough that they become shiny. These beads are less expensive to produce but also more likely to have imperfections. photo credit

Fish Hook Clasp

Fish Hook Clasp

The fish hook clasp refers to the extra safety mechanism. When the clasp is opened, a hook wraps around a safety bar. This added security feature is in place in case that the clasp should accidentally open up, and works quite well to secure the necklace when it’s being worn.

Flux

Flux is a liquid or paste used in soldering metal surfaces together (to make jewelry, among other things) and in annealing. It lowers the working temperature which aids bonding and protects the surface by reducing oxidation.

Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater Pearls

These form in freshwater mussels the way regular pearls form in saltwater oysters. They come in a variety of irregular or oblong shapes, and are rarely the perfect round shape of saltwater pearls. photo credit

Fringe

Fringe

Fringe adds motion and interest to a piece. Often used in beaded purses, or embroidered on the edge of clothing. Fringe is commonly used to finish artwork or jewelry created with brick-stitch or other bead stitching techniques. photo credit

Furnace Glass Bead

Furnace Glass Beads (also known as Cane Glass Beads) are adapted from Italian glass-making techniques. These beads use large decorated “canes” built out of smaller canes encased in clear glass and then pulled out to shape the beads with twisting, linear, or stripe patterns. Although they may sometimes look like blown glass, no air is used to make these beads. They do, however, require a furnace and an annealing kiln to make.